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Project Guidelines

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Registration Procedures for Mining Rights.

Ownership of Mineral Rights.

  • All mineral rights are vested in the State.
  • Acquisition of a mining title is simple, equitable and transparent.
  • Security of tenure is guaranteed.
  • To acquire a mining title, foreign investors are required to have a Zimbabwean registered company in terms of the Companies Act.
  • All new foreign investment into Zimbabwe requires an Investment Certificate issued by the Zimbabwe Investment Authority.
  • All foreign investment into Zimbabwe requires an Indigenous Partner in terms of the Indigenisation and Economic Empowerment Act.

Registration Procedures for Mining Rights.

  • There are six principal mining titles in Zimbabwe.
These are:—

  • Exploration titles
    1. Exclusive Prospecting Orders (EPOs).
    2. Special Grants (SGs) for exploration in reserved areas (Part XIX, Mines and Minerals Act).

    • Mining

    1. Claims.
    2. Special Grants:—
      1. • For Coal and Energy Minerals issued under Part XX, Mines and Minerals Act.
        • For all Minerals except Coal and Energy Minerals issued under Part XIX, Mines and Minerals Act.
    3. Mining Lease.
    4. Special Mining Lease (SML).

Exclusive Prospecting Orders (EPOs) and Special Grants.

  • For Special Grants issued under Part XX and EPOs, the Applicant is expected to lodge an application with the Secretary of the Mining Affairs Board (MAB).

  • The Secretary for Mines and Mining Development issues Special Grants under Part XIX, for all minerals other than coal and energy minerals. These Special Grants are mining titles issued within areas reserved against prospecting and pegging. Reserved Area holder's consent is required before consideration of such applications.

  • In making an application the applicant is expected to submit the following:—
  • Certificate of Incorporation and CR14 in terms of the Companies Act;
  • Shareholding and corporate structure;
  • A work programme;
  • Proof of technical expertise;
  • Proof of financial capability; and
  • Description of area applied for including area map.


  • Acquisition Procedures in Terms of Mines and Minerals Act.

  • Any person who is a permanent resident of Zimbabwe and above the age of 18 may take out a prospecting licence from any Mining Commissioner's Office.

  • A holder of a prospecting licence automatically acquires the rights of prospecting and pegging mining claims on ground open for prospecting anywhere in Zimbabwe.

  • Procedures for prospecting and pegging are clearly outlined in the Mines and Minerals Act (Chapter 21:05).

  • Each prospecting licence is valid for two years.

  • A special prospecting licence is obtainable for base minerals.

  • A claim for precious minerals is 10 hectares (ha) in extent.

  • An Ordinary claim for base minerals is 25ha, whilst a Special base mineral claim is up to 150ha.

  • There is no limit as the number of claims one can hold.

  • After pegging an applicant for registration must be submitted to the Mining Commissioner with the following:—
  • Prospecting licence.
  • Prospecting Notice.
  • Discovery Notice.
  • Notification of intention to prospect to the landowner.
  • A map depicting the area to be registered in triplicate on a scale of 1:25 000
  • Description of area applied for including area map.
  • If the Mining Commissioner is satisfied that all pegging procedures have been followed a certificate of registration is issued. This allows the holder to start mining operations subject to meeting other statutory requirements.

Maintenance and Renewal of Mining Rights.

  • Permanent beacons shall be erected on the ground within three months from the date of registration.

  • All precious stones claims should be continuously worked in order to obtain renewal of title. Precious metals claims are inspected by production and capital expenditure.

  • Base metal claims can be protected/ renewed by payment.

  • Claims have a 12 month tenure after which they shall expire or be renewed.

  • Mining claims are transferable and a Certificate of Registration After Transfer shall be issued.

  • Failure to renew title will result in the forfeiture of a mining claim.

  • Holder of mining title may lose title either through forfeiture, cancellation or abandonment.

Mining Lease.

  • A Mining Lease is a consolidation of more than one contiguous mining locations for easy administration.

  • Mining Leases are issued in terms of Section 135 of the Mines and Minerals Act.

  • The application for a Mining Lease is made to MAB, through the respective Mining Commissioner.

  • The applications to the Mining Commissioner shall be accompanied by:—
  • A claims plan; and
  • A description of the area applied for.
Special Mining Lease.

  • A special Mining Lease is a package of incentives granted to an Investor in mining who invests in the excess of US$100 million dollars on one project.

  • The investment must be wholly or principally in foreign currency.

  • The production must be principally for the export market.

  • The Investor must have one or more contiguous mining locations.

  • The application for a Special Mining Lease is made to the MAB, through the respective Mining Commissioner.

Ministry of Mines and Mining Development
September 2009

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